Drug Levels and Effects:

Summary of Use during Lactation:

Betony (Stachys sp.) is the name given to a group of plants from the genus Stachys that contain tannins and flavonoid glycosides. It has been used as a nerve tonic to treat anxiety and headaches, an astringent to treat diarrhea, and as a gargle for mouth and throat irritations. Betony is a purported galactogogue; however, no scientifically valid clinical trials support this use. Galactogogues should never replace evaluation and counseling on modifiable factors that affect milk production.[1] No data exist on the excretion of any components of betony into breastmilk. Because of a general lack of safety data, betony should be avoided during breastfeeding.

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Drug Levels:

Maternal Levels.

Relevant published information was not found as of the revision date.

Infant Levels.

Relevant published information was not found as of the revision date.

Effects in Breastfed Infants:

Relevant published information was not found as of the revision date.

Possible Effects on Lactation:

Older studies performed in Eastern Europe claim that betonyextractcan increase milk supply and the protein content of breastmilk.[2][3][4] No modern, well-controlled studies were found as of the revision date.


1. The Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine Protocol Committee. ABM clinical protocol #9: use of galactogogues in initiating or augmenting the rate of maternal milk secretion (First revision January 2011). Breastfeed Med. 2011;6:41-9. PMID:21332371
2. Bakhalova NV, Kharmats DA. [Effect of the milk from mothers receiving methylergometrine and hedge nettleextracton the physical development of the newborn infant]. Zdravookhranenie Kirgizii. 1977;28-31.17972 PMID:17972
3. Aronova BN, Stegailo EA. [Effect of anextractof Betonica officinalis on lactation]. Akush Ginekol (Sofia). 1977;68-9. PMID:557295
4. Stegailo EA, Lebedeva IM, Aronova BN et al. [Treatment of hypogalactia with anextractof the betonical hedge nettle]. Akush Ginekol (Sofia). 1980;19-20. PMID:7369474

Substance Identification:

Substance Name:


Scientific Name:

Stachys sp.

Drug Class:

  • Complementary Therapies

  • Phytotherapy

  • Plants, Medicinal

  • Administrative Information:

    LactMed Record Number:


    Last Revision Date:

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