Brimonidine

Drug Levels and Effects:




Summary of Use during Lactation:


Limited information indicates that maternal use of brimonidine 0.2% ophthalmic drops do not adversely affect their nursing infants. To substantially diminish the amount of drug that reaches the breastmilk after using eye drops, place pressure over the tear duct by the corner of the eye for 1 minute or more, then remove the excesssolutionwith an absorbent tissue.


Drug Levels:


Maternal Levels.

Relevant published information was not found as of the revision date.

Infant Levels.

Relevant published information was not found as of the revision date.


Effects in Breastfed Infants:


A woman used brimonidine 0.2%, timolol gel-formingsolution0.5%, dipiverin 0.2%, and dorzolamide 0.5% drops for glaucoma while nursing a newborn. The frequency of medication use and extent of nursing were not stated. All medications were given immediately after nursing with punctal occlusion of the tear duct. The infant's vital signs were closely monitored with no signs of bradycardia or apnea.[1]

A woman was using ophthalmic drops containing 0.5% timolol and 0.2% brimonidine twice daily in the right eye for 6 months. During this time, she breastfed her infant (extent not stated) apparently without harm to her infant.[2]


Possible Effects on Lactation:


Relevant published information was not found as of the revision date.


Alternate Drugs to Consider:


Brimonidine


References:


1. Johnson SM, Martinez M, Freedman S. Management of glaucoma in pregnancy and lactation. Surv Ophthalmol. 2001;45:449-54. PMID:11274697
2. Madadi P, Koren G, Freeman DJ et al. Timolol concentrations in breast milk of a woman treated for glaucoma: calculation of neonatal exposure. J Glaucoma. 2008;17:329-31. PMID:18552619



Substance Identification:




Substance Name:

Brimonidine

CAS Registry Number:

59803-98-4

Drug Class:


  • Adrenergic Alpha-Agonists

  • Antiglaucoma Agents


  • Administrative Information:




    LactMed Record Number:


    775


    Last Revision Date:


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